Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba (Wolof: Aamadu Bamba Mbàkke, Arabic: أحمد بن محمد بن حبيب الله‎ Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥabīb Allāh, 1850–1927), also known as Khādimu 'r-Rasūl (خادِم الرسول) or "The Servant of the Messenger" and Sëriñ Tuubaa or "Sheikh of Tuubaa", was a Sufi religious leader in Senegal and the founder of the large Mouride Brotherhood (the Muridiyya).
 

Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba was a religious leader who produced a prodigious quantity of poems and tracts on meditation, rituals, work, and Quranic study. He led a pacifist struggle against the French colonial empire while not waging outright war on the French like several prominent Tijani marabouts had done.

Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba was born in the village of Mbacké (Mbàkke Bawol in Wolof) in Baol, the son of a Marabout from the Qadiriyya, the oldest tariqa (Sufi order) in Senegal. He was a disciple of the Qadiri sheikh Saad Bah.
 

Foundation of Mouridiyya and Touba

Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba founded the Mouride brotherhood in 1883, and its capital is Touba, Senegal, which also serves as the location of the sub-Saharan Africa's largest mosque, which was built by the Mourides.
 

 

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